My Final

For my final project, I made this VoiceThread highlighting my three proudest projects, The Hit, Citizen Kane Analysis, and The Wind Rises sound design project, including what I liked about them, their purposes and some of the challenges faced during their productions. The projects are listed below and here is My LinkedIn Profile

Expressive Eyes

Here is my expressive eyes project. I was the cinematographer in for this project when I wasn’t acting in it and I hadn’t done this, or used one of the cameras before. I had to learn how to adjust the camera settings and use the camera. I also am not very experienced at editing so this was also difficult for me since I hadn’t used iMovie before since I’d used final cut pro the other time I edited. It was a lot of fun to work with Camron and Zach and figuring out how to use the required techniques to tell a story that made sense really required me to use all of my experiences from class this year to put this together since I did every part of the production process instead of just one.

Shot Reverse Shot

Here is my Shot Reverse Shot project. I was absent during the filming process of it so I had to use another groups clips. I learned how to cut audio clips so that the pacing of the ADR speech alligned with the speech of the clip. I learned that in order to do this you play the ADR clip and the original recording at the same time to check for discrepancies and then edit the sound line by line. this process was a bit frustrating during the longer lines of the film since the editing had to be very precise and very minuscule.

ADR Project

  • Summary
    • For this project I used the video provided to our class by our teachers and put it into GarageBand. After that I separated the audio and visual parts of the video and realigned the dialog with the visual. Then I added an ambient track of bird noises in the background and put the video on youtube.
  • Film Before Visual ADR
  • Film After Visual ADR
  • ADR Process
    • Screen Shot 2016-05-20 at 9.41.33 AM
  • Audio ADR Preparation
  • ADR Terms
    • automated dialog replacement- process of replacing set audio with studio audio
    • babble on the same- using same script and set but interchanging actors for different languages
    • Post Synchroization- dubbing
    • Raw audio- audio before editing
    • Partial ADR- replacing audio for only part of the scene
    • Visual ADR- actor matches performance while watching clip
    • Audio ADR- actor listens to dialog and recites along with the recording
  • Audio Post-production Terms
  • What I Learned and Problems I Solved
    • I had issues with file conversions for editing the sound and exporting it to the movie. I looked it up online to figure out how to do it and asked some of my friends. Neither of those made sense so I just asked my teacher how to do it. Fortunately, I learned not only how the ADR process works but also how to do these file conversions.

Film Sound Design – Ambient Noise, Library Sound and Foley

  • Summary
    • My friends and I worked together to gather sounds and create foley to replace the audio in the original clip. We used garage band for sound editing and a phone to record the audio. for the foley process we recorded foley as we watched the film in our classes sound room.
  • Film Before Foley and Sound Effects

  • Film After Foley and Sound Effects

  • Foley Process
    • Our team’s foley process was largely based around being creative and walking through different areas of the school looking for any sound that could have any chance of making it into the video to play over the earthquake scene.
  • Sound Library
    • Screen Shot 2016-04-28 at 9.13.11 AM
    • 1. we have paper on the desk to sound like steam
    • 2. We have pencils clicking to sound like the loose gravel
    • 3.We have me flicking a pepsi can to sound like the popping electrical wires
    • We have ping pong paddles clicking to sound like bags falling
    • we have the plexi glass rumbling to sound like the earth rumbling
    • We have two metal pieces to sound like the car hitches clanking
    • we have me talking to replace the kid’s talking
    • we have finger nails scraping rails to be the tracks and train wheels screeching
    • we have foot steps for when the people leave the train car
    • We have feet moving through the leaves for wind
    • we have clacking books for the tracks clacking/ phone lines falling down

 

  • Audio Signal Chain Terms
    • Single system-audio fed directly into camera
    • Double system- separately recording audio, better audio quality
    • Sampling rate-measure in kHz, 11kHz-interenet audio, 44.1-cd, 48-digital video
    • Bit Depth-how many different values each wave can have
    • compressed audio throws away a lot of information
    • 96kHz, 24bit uncompressed
    • Preamp-boost signal of microphone so it can be recorded
    • Line Level want to avoid clipping, 0DBFS is set to clipping point
    • Impedance- a measure of the devices resistance to AC current- Z
    • LowZ less than 600, HighZ is 10,000
    • Sound dissipates so put mic as close as you can to subject
    • Proximity effect- boost in base frequency
    • Boom mic or lav mic
  • Foley and Sound Effects Terms
  • What I Learned and Problems I Solved
    • I learned a lot about the making foley in the last short film project I made with Callie, Matt, and Aaron, however I didn’t do any of the editing. I learned how to organize the tracks and how to use the software that lets you do this. The problems that I faced were all in relation to my computer skills. I had to ask for help and look up how to use a lot of the short cuts and features offered by the software.

Arrival of Multiplexes and Asian Mainstream

  • Hong Kong
    • haven for filmmakers fleeing Mao
    • Golden Age started in 1950’s
      • Shaw Brothers
        • Feminine movies
      • Qing hu
        • pioneered Kung Fu genre
    • 70’s
      • Bruce Lee
        • Made Chinese cinema more masculine and angry
        • Camera was slow
        • Little edittin, steady, wide imagery
      • John Wu
        • fast cutting, numerous angles
      • Master Yun
        • cable Kung Fu like Qing Hu
        • influence seen in films like the matrix
    • 90’s
      • fragmented camera space of the 20’s and emotional traditions of the first Chinese golden age
  • India
    • Much like early Hollywood
      • singing, very glamorized
    • Bollywood
    • in 70’s youth were unhappy with system
      • vigilante films appealed to youth
  • Egypt
    • Shahim
      • directed about third world frustration and what makes a culture civilized.
  • Multiplexes invented
    • Want, see
      • inspired by Jaws, the Exorcist, and Star Wars huge box office numbers
        • show the people what they fantasize about
    • Spielberg
      • most successful Romantic Director in the story of film
    • George Lucas saw the Evil Emperor as Nixon

Movies that Changed the World

1969-1979, Radical Directors of the 70′

 

  • New German Cinema
    • result of generational gap between baby boomers and their parents who voted for Hitler
    • shows darker side of human nature, identity and history
    • Von Trauter
      • about women in violent times
    •  Wim Wenders
      • wanted to create New German cinema genre
      • wanted to define modern german identity in relationship to that of America
  • Italy
    • Identity, and sex
    • Bassolini
      • felt consumerism ruined fun in film
      • murdered by a prostitute in 1975
  • Performance
    • a movie about a narcissistic gangster named Chaz
    • about Identity
  • Japan, documentaries
    • border of a chemical companies directors deny all responsibility to ther dumping of methyl mercury causing any death or deformities in front of the families of their victims
      • filmed over 17 years
      • broke traditional, non-idenity assertive traditions of Japanese culture
    • The Emperor’s Naked Army Marches On
      • an ex-soldiers learns that his friends were eaten by their commander
      • unpalatable truth in life is buried under layers of lies
  • Senegal, West Africa
    • Britain, Australia, Germany, Japan, and Italy were about identity
    • New radical film. a manifesto about the purpose of film and its three types
    • New genre, Third Cinema
    • Mombeti
      • pioneer of New African Cinema
      • Hyenes
  • 70’s
    • around the world cinema became more symbolic regardless of genre

American Cinema of the 70’s

1967-1979, New American Cinema

  • New types of film
    • Satirical
      • mocked society
    • Dissidant
      • challenged conventional styles of cinema
    • Assymilationist
      • Old genres with new techniques
  • Satiric
    • Toshlin
      • thought consumerism was disgusting
    • Buck Henry
      • Catch 22
  • Dissidant
    • Robert Altman, Copler, Hopper, Martin Scorsese
    • Charles Burnett
      • questioned the traditional role of black people in cinema
        • made master of sheep
    • Jewish cinema
      • Woody Allen
  • Assymilationist
    • Cabaret, The Godfather, Chinatown

Film Evaluation

THE FILM

  • (Embed the film)
VIEWINGS

  • Number of viewings ______

REACTION

  • ___very favorable ___favorable ___unfavorable ___uncertain

EMOTIONAL RESPONSE

  • Explain your response

PURPOSE / AIM / MESSAGE OF FILM AS I SEE IT

  • Explain your response
THIS FILM ACHIEVED ITS PURPOSE THROUGH
(bold the term[s] in parentheses you are discussing and explain your choices)

  • Narration (story, dramatic appeal, motivation, closure, point of view)
  • Sound (music, dialogue, silence, language, narrator, sound effects)
  • Photography (focus, frame, angle, movement, space, sets, light, color)
  • Editing (order, cuts, duration, rhythm, continuity, montage, motifs)

FILM RELATED TO ITS HISTORICAL PLACE & TIME

  • Explain your response

VALUES EXPRESSED IN THIS FILM

  • Explain your response, use specific examples

FILM “MAKES ITS CASE” OR PERSUADED ME OF ITS MESSAGE
(for example, by emotional appeal, documentary authority, alienation effect, symbolism, manipulated point of view — give examples & is it persuasive?)

  • Explain your response

The Hit- Film Production

To start the screenwriting process, our group spent two days brainstorming ideas for a basis for our film as a group and then we picked the one we liked best in order to be as inclusive as we could of other group members. After deciding to write about bumbling hitmen, we spent a day brainstorming jokes and gags to put into the screenplay to make it entertaining. From there I wrote the screenplay scene by scene in order to make a flowing chronology of the jokes we wanted to put into the film. As I wrote, I had my group mates look through the script to check for any discrepancies that I didn’t notice. When I finished writing the script I had Matthew, the director, look over it one last time after showing it to Callie and Aaron, my other group mates. In my film I included the element of contrast of time in the opening scene to build tension and show the how the nonchalant attitude of the hitmen contrast the gravity of the situation. Flashforward is used after the car chase between Callie and the hitmen to show that the tension has been diffused and that Callie has let her guard back down. Pacing is used during the car chase to build tension and make the car chase seem fast and exciting, though it really isn’t, and in the beginning it is used to build tension around Callie and diffuse it around the hit men.

In the script, the two hitmen are characterized as bumbling in the beginning when one of them drops a piece of chicken from his takeout onto his jacket, distracting the team altogether resulting in them having to half-assedly hide as Callie comes out by reclining their seats all the way. Their characterization carries through showing them to be care-free throughout the rest of the film as they continue to make small talk about Marvin Gaye and Prince while watching Callie in the cafe; bickering while they are about to shoot her and then deciding to use a groupon to get lunch after they kill her.

The movies that influenced me most for this film were Superbad and Pulp Fiction. Superbad is one of my favorite movies and Pulp Fiction is another film that I really enjoy. The two movies both have semi-disastrous duos that end up getting themselves into trouble because they get too caught up in the moment or don’t pay attention. The idea of morally conscious gangsters like Vincent and Jules in Pulp Fiction is a concept that is very amusing to me. The deadpan, more subtle presentation of humor such as that in Pulp Fiction is an aspect that I enjoy in most movies too.

The suits worn by the hitmen characterize them as representing something very serious: the paid murder they are about to commit. Their matching bleach hair is a silly part of their serious get up that characterizes them as still being able to find the brighter sides of of life despite their grave tasks they perform regularly in their lives for a profession.

During production, I helped the director pick shots and areas to shoot at as well as acting as he wanted in the film. I also helped edit the script to make it able to be shot under our conditions.In the opening scene, the only take out restaurant in the area was closed and Safeway wouldn’t have had the same feeling as an actual restaurant. We had to reorganize the opening sequence so that the hit men are introduced as they pull up to their targets house. During the cafe scene people kept coming up to the door of the cafe while we were shooting to try and get something from the shop. We had to inform them that the cafe was closed for the day and then re-shoot. We did this a few times since people thought the cafe was still open since our cars were parked out front. The second challenge was that we changed some of the lines to be a bit improvised to make remembering what to say easier since we were running short on time for the shoot. Matt and I kept saying each other’s names and we had to re-shoot the dialogue over a few times until we acted it out without saying each other’s names during the cafe scene. We also had to be careful shooting the scene in the alley in which we shoot callie since there was a bit of traffic flow through the alley that day as well as power tools operating in a shot next door

During post-production I, along with my group mates, would review Callie’s edits and give feedback as well as suggestions for what we thought would look good during the film.

We wanted to leave the final line of the film in which one hit man says “kinky motherf-” and cuts out, however we had to cut it because the shot and the way the audio recorded made it so it didn’t so we decided to cut it. I helped her edit out parts of the dialog in the cafe scene to keep the film short enough.

I think script felt did a good job of characterizing the hit men but it didn’t do enough other than dialog to move the story along. Technically, it had 2 elements of screenwriting that were well executed out of the three required, the third one isn’t in the film because it didn’t fit in the screenplay.    I would have wrote the script shorter since there was too much in the script to comfortably fit into a five minute video. If I were to improve it, I would shorten the screenplay by cutting some of the dialog because much of it seems unnecessary.

With more time to write a screenplay, I was able to plan the screenplay more thoroughly.. I started with a brainstorm, then an outline, then a treatment, then a first draft, then a final draft. I learned how much easier and more efficient it is to go through a quality planning process and how much rewriting and recreation of the story is saved; in short, it streamlined the process. Furthermore, I learned what it takes to write a screenplay that satisfies the visions of your group mates also. The process of making a film that each person enjoyed was a much more involved than I expected. It showed me how much there is to consider when making a collaborative project that everyone could appreciate. When shooting a script without studio control over the variables of the set a lot can happen to interrupt and slow down the process. Many things had to change in order to be able to shoot under the various changing circumstances within the schedules of the crew members and the sites. In the editing process, I learned it takes a lot more consideration in the writing process to make sure the film can be edited and stay true to your vision to the script under the limitations of time and writing quality. I want to spend more time in the future on blancing the script and making sure there isn’t too much unnecessary dialog that will have to be cut and to make sure the script has smooth transitions and flows nicely.